By International Code Council
The Uniform development Code is devoted to the improvement of higher development development and larger defense to the general public by means of uniformity in development legislation. The code is based on broad-based ideas that make attainable using new fabrics and new building platforms.
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Additional info for 1997 Uniform Building Code, Vol. 2: Structural Engineering Design Provisions
Such concretes are used primarily for radiation shielding, but they are sometimes used to make counterweights as well. 3, leading to concretes with unit weights up to about 4100 kg/m3. 8) can be used, with resulting concrete unit weights of up to 6100 kg/m3. 9. High-density aggregates are good attenuators of gamma rays and of fast neutrons, hence their use in radiation shielding. Although heavyweight concretes can be proportioned in much the same way as ordinary concretes, the aggregates tend to be harsh and have a tendency to segregate from the rest of the mix.
7. 1 (higher values imply a coarser material). The value of the FM is required for mix design purposes. 3 Aggregate Moisture Content Aggregates can hold water in two ways: absorbed within the aggregate porosity or held on the particle surface as a moisture ﬁlm. Thus, depending on the relative humidity, recent weather conditions, and location within the aggregate stockpile, aggregate particles can have a variable moisture content. For the purposes of mix proportioning, however, it is necessary to know how much water the aggregate will absorb from the mix water or how much extra water the aggregate might contribute.
Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 2008. electrochemical potentials and thus set up anode–cathode pairs, with corrosion occurring in localized anodic areas; however, steel corrosion should not occur, even in the presence of moisture and oxygen. 5) causes a passive oxide ﬁlm to form on the surface of the steel, which prevents corrosion. Only when the pH falls below 11 will the passive iron oxide layer be destroyed, permitting rusting to occur. The pH may be reduced in two ways: • The calcium hydroxide that is responsible for the high pH can be converted to calcium carbonate by atmospheric carbonation.