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Extra resources for A history and description of modern wines
37), lightweight mineral loam can be produced in an ordinary concrete mixer. There, aggregates can be placed in advance and 50 the loam slurry poured over it. The mix is ready in three to five minutes. The slurry needs to have a rich clay content and binding force. The production of loam slurry is described in chapter 3, p. 38. Grain size distribution The grain size distribution of mineral aggregates affects the properties of lightweight mineral loam. For example, a density as low as 500 kg/m3 can be reached with expanded clay fractions of 8 to 16 mm diameter.
The binding force of loam depends not only on clay content, but also on the type of clay minerals present. As it is also dependent on the water content, the binding force of different loams can only be compared if either water content or plasticity are equal. ” How this is obtained is described in this chapter on p. 24. The samples to be tested have a special figure-8-shape made from a mixture of standard stiffness. 33). 34. Here, sand is poured into a container hanging on the lower part of the sample at a rate of not more than 750 g per minute.
38 shows that dry tensile strength is about 10% of compressive strength with blocks, and 11 to 13% with earth mortars. Bending tensile strength The bending tensile strength of dry loam is of little importance for earth construction. Still, it has a certain significance when judging the quality of mud mortar and the edge rigidity of mud bricks. Bending tensile strength depends mainly on the clay content and the type of the clay minerals involved. Montmorillonite clay has a much higher bending tensile strength than Kaolinite.