By Tom Standage
All through human heritage, convinced beverages have performed even more than simply quench thirst. As Tom Standage relates with authority and beauty, six of them have had a shockingly pervasive effect at the process historical past, changing into the defining drink in the course of a pivotal historic interval.
A heritage of the area in 6 Glasses tells the tale of humanity from the Stone Age to the twenty first century throughout the lens of beer, wine, spirits, espresso, tea, and cola. Beer used to be first made within the Fertile Crescent and by means of 3000 B.C.E. was once so vital to Mesopotamia and Egypt that it was once used to pay wages. In historic Greece wine grew to become the most export of her big seaborne alternate, aiding unfold Greek tradition in another country. Spirits resembling brandy and rum fueled the Age of Exploration, fortifying seamen on lengthy voyages and oiling the pernicious slave alternate. even though espresso originated within the Arab global, it stoked progressive proposal in Europe in the course of the Age of cause, whilst coffeehouses grew to become facilities of highbrow alternate. And hundreds of thousands of years after the chinese language started consuming tea, it turned particularly renowned in Britain, with far-reaching results on British international coverage. ultimately, notwithstanding carbonated beverages have been invented in 18th-century Europe they grew to become a 20th-century phenomenon, and Coca-Cola particularly is the best image of globalization.
For Tom Standage, each one drink is a type of know-how, a catalyst for advancing tradition in which he demonstrates the complex interaction of other civilizations. you'll by no means examine your favourite drink an identical approach back.
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Extra resources for A History of the World in 6 Glasses
This latter incident could refer to the campaign of Artaxerxes in 343 BC or possibly to that of Cambyses in 525 BC, or else to some more minor skirmish that occurred between the two powers. In lists recording payment for foreign women to be admitted into Minaean society (M 392–98) there are thirty-two mentions of Gaza, a city that enjoyed great prosperity and fame during the Persian period (539–334 BC). One Minaean trader died in Egypt and inscribed on his sarcophagus that ‘he imported myrrh and calamus for the temples of the gods of Egypt’ (M 338).
They stationed a small garrison for a time on the island of Ikaros. And Ikadion, a high-up ofﬁcial close to Seleucus II (246–226 BC) wrote a letter to its inhabitants and their representative about the transfer of a local sanctuary and reported that ‘the king is concerned about the island of Ikaros’. 147), ‘the coast from Charax onwards was explored for king [Antiochus] Epiphanes [175–164 BC]’. But, like Alexander before them, they established no permanent presence, and while the peoples and polities of the Gulf were in touch with the Greek world, exchanging goods and ideas, they nevertheless remained outside its boundaries.
His personal motive was probably to better Alexander the Great, who had long fascinated him and who had once boasted to his tutor, in vain, that he would conquer the incense-producing lands. To this end Augustus dispatched in 26 BC the commander Aelius Gallus: to explore the tribes and the places, not only in Arabia, but also in Ethiopia, since Caesar saw that the Troglodyte country which adjoins Egypt neighbours upon Arabia, and also that the Arabian Gulf, which separates the Arabs from the Troglodytes, is extremely narrow.