By Umberto Eco
Le eleven septembre, los angeles guerre en Afghanistan et en Irak, le populisme médiatique au pouvoir : les premières années du troisième millénaire ne pouvaient pas échapper à l'analyse ravageuse d'Umberto Eco. Il en ressort que depuis quelque temps, le monde marche à reculons, de plus en plus vite, de plus en plus dramatiquement.
Après los angeles chute du mur de Berlin, il a fallu exhumer de vieux atlas pour retrouver les frontières oubliées depuis l. a. guerre de 1914. De los angeles guerre froide, on s'est empressé de retourner aux guerres les plus chaudes. Nous avons ressuscité le vieux strive against entre Islam et Chrétienté, et le cri ancestral de «Sauve qui peut, voilà les Turcs !» nous ramène au temps des Croisades. Le fantôme du Péril jaune resurgit, comme l'anti-darwinisme, l'antisémitisme, voire le contentieux que l'on croyait pourtant bien enterré entre l'Eglise et l'Etat...
Il semblerait que l'Histoire, à bout de souffle après les bonds qu'elle a effectués au cours des deux précédents millénaires, se soit affaissée sur elle-même et se précipite à reculons, comme une écrevisse.
Umberto Eco est né à Alexandrie, dans le Piémont, en 1932. Professeur de sémiotique et directeur de l'Ecole supérieure des études littéraires à l'Université de Bologne, il est l'auteur de nombreux essais dont remark voyager avec un saumon et de romans, Le Nom de l. a. Rose, Le Pendule de Foucault, L'Ile du jour d'avant, Baudolino et los angeles Reine Loana.
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Extra info for À reculons comme une écrevisse : Guerres chaudes et populisme médiatique
Its civil and criminal statutes specify penalties for murder, theft, incest, adultery, kidnapping, assault and battery, and many other crimes. More important for our understanding of ancient culture, it is a storehouse of information concerning the nature of class divisions, family relations, and human rights. The Code informs us, for instance, on matters of inheritance (clauses 162 and 168), professional obligations (clauses 218, 219, 229, and 232), and the individual’s responsibilities to the community (clauses 109 and 152).
Do brothers divide an inheritance to keep for ever, does the flood-time of rivers endure? It is only the nymph of the dragon-fly who sheds her larva and sees the sun in his glory. From the days of old there is no permanence. The sleeping and the dead, how alike they are, they are like a painted death. What is there between the master and the servant when both have fulfilled their doom? When the Annunaki, the judges, 130 come together, and Mammetun the mother of destinies, together they decree the fates of men.
18Yahweh God said, “It is not right that the man should be alone. ” 19So from the soil Yahweh God fashioned all the wild animals and all the birds of heaven. These he brought to the man to see what he would call them; each one was to bear the name the man would give it. 20The man gave names to all the cattle, all the birds of heaven and all the wild animals. But no helper suitable for the man was found for him. 21Then, Yahweh God made the man fall into a deep sleep. And, while he was asleep, he took one of his ribs and closed the flesh up again forthwith.