By John F Kreis
From the earliest improvement of strive against aviation, the safety and endured working potency of proven bases assured the profitable software of air energy in glossy army campaigns. the standards affecting this protection are many and sundry. they're explored intimately during this selection of experiences drawn from American and overseas adventure relationship from global battle I to the Arab-Israeli clash of 1973. John F. Kreis accomplished this quantity whereas assigned to the precise reviews department, place of work of Air strength background. A graduate of Williamette collage, Mr. Kreis additionally earned a grasp of Arts measure in background in 1975 on the collage of Delaware. As an Air strength officer he really good in air base defense and safety. As a part of his instruction for paintings during this box, he graduated from the Federal Bureau of research nationwide Academy at Quantico, Virginia
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Extra info for Air warfare and air base air defense, 1914-1973
German designed 20-mm and 37-mm cannon were the most used low level defense weapons. The 20-mm had a rather short effective range of 1,100 yards, the 37-mm 1,600 yards, so that it was important to bring fire on a target as soon as possible. Both weapons lacked a predictor,* severely restricting use against any but aircraft moving directly towards or away from the gun's position. 92-mm machine guns in both single and dual mounts for defense of bases against low level attack. Prior to the war, spotters assigned to AA units provided * A predictor or director was an early mechanical computer which, using information about speed, direction of flight, and altitude permitted a gunner to lead a target and fire into its path.
Many of these fighters appeared in several models; some were used for both air base attack and air base defense, others were suited for only a single role. The table in Appendix 1 shows the relative capabilities of each country's aircraft, and the general development of combat aircraft of the various nations. In addition to the design and performance of fighters, other factors such as imaginative leadership, differences in air force organization, and technological improvements of nonflying areas of military and naval services gave certain countries advantages not possessed by others.
The failure of the League of Nations in 1931 to force Japan to alter her designs on Manchuria did nothing to change her view that she was not very vulnerable to direct air attack from overseas. 2 Finally, the financial turbulence that accompanied the worldwide depression of the 1930s affected development 23 AIR BASE AIR DEFENSE and production of both weapons and technology in all of the major countries. During the interwar years, the British, Germans, French, Americans, Italians, Japanese, and Soviets designed several types of fighters that would be instrumental in tactical air warfare in World War II.