Download AMERICAN MILITARY HISTORY. VOLUME 1. THE UNITED STATES ARMY by Army Center of Military History, Richard W. Stewart PDF

By Army Center of Military History, Richard W. Stewart

American army historical past offers the USA Army—in specific, its younger officials, NCOs, and cadets—with a complete yet short account of its earlier. the heart of army heritage first released this paintings in 1956 as a textbook for senior ROTC classes. for the reason that then it has passed through a few updates and revisions, however the fundamental reason has remained an analogous. help for army heritage schooling has constantly been a relevant venture of the heart, and this re-creation of a useful historical past furthers that objective. The historical past of an energetic association has a tendency to extend swiftly because the association grows greater and extra advanced. The interval because the Vietnam battle, at which aspect the latest variation ended, has been an important one for the military, a hectic interval of increasing roles and missions and of basic organizational adjustments. particularly, the explosion of missions and deployments in view that eleven September 2001 has necessitated the production of extra, open-ended chapters within the tale of the U.S. military in motion. this primary quantity covers the Army’s background from its beginning in 1775 to the eve of worldwide battle I. by way of 1917, the USA used to be already an international energy. the military had despatched huge expeditionary forces past the yankee hemisphere, and at the start of the hot century Secretary of battle Elihu Root had proposed adjustments and reforms that inside of a new release could form the military of the long run. yet international war—global war—was nonetheless to return. the second one quantity of this re-creation will take in that tale and expand it into the twenty-first century and the early years of the conflict on terrorism and contains an research of the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq as much as January 2009.

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Only when they had the advantage did they close in for hand-to-hand combat. In such combat the Indian brave lacked neither skill nor courage. Since he cared little about the rules of European warfare, he sometimes slaughtered men, women, and children indiscriminately or adopted prisoners permanently into his tribe. The favorite Indian tactic was a surprise raid on an isolated settlement. When the settlers organized a pursuit, the Indians lay in wait and ambushed them. The European colonist soon adapted his tactics to the Indian’s, quickly learning the value of surprise and stealth.

Cannon fired mainly solid iron balls or, at shorter ranges, grapeshot and canister. Grapeshot was a cluster of small iron balls attached to a central stem (thus resembling a bunch of grapes) and dispersed by the explosion of a propellant charge. Canister consisted of loose pellets placed in a can and when fired had even greater dispersion than grape. At close range against a tightly packed infantry formation, it was devastating. The nature of the soldiers, their weapons, and the terrain go far to explain the tactics used.

Cavalrymen were armed variously with pistol and lance, carbine and sword, depending on the country and the time. Pistol and carbine were discharged at close range against the ranks of opposing infantry or cavalry, while lance and sword were used for close-in shock action. Cavalry was most effective when used in a reconnaissance or foraging role and as a pursuit force after an enemy infantry formation had been broken. There were many different kinds of artillery with a wide variety of bore sizes.

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