By Pierre Kobel, Pranvera Këllezi, Bruce Kilpatrick
The booklet offers an research of the grocery retail industry in a truly huge variety of nations with a world document written by means of an economist. the second one a part of the publication deals the research of legal responsibility concerns when it comes to non-compliance with CSRs with a global record via a British barrister. either themes are very timely.
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Additional info for Antitrust in the Groceries Sector & Liability Issues in Relation to Corporate Social Responsibility
In these countries, the concept of dominance is applied both on the seller’s side and on the buyer’s side. Thus, to establish that a grocery retailer has buying power, it must account for a substantial part of the procurement of groceries or of a particular grocery product. This may in fact make it very difﬁcult or impossible to bring abuse of buying power cases. In a second group of countries,41 it is easier to control the buying behavior of ﬁrms either because the concept of dominance is fairly wide or because the 40 41 United Kingdom, Belgium, Sweden, Netherlands, Finland and Romania.
In Bulgaria, setting minimum resale prices is considered a hard-core restriction that is per se illegal. The setting of maximum prices is not always regarded as anticompetitive and is subject to a case-by-case analysis. Price recommendations are permissible, as long as additional factors, such as penalties for noncompliance or incentives for compliance, do not alter their voluntary nature. 1 International Report 27 Under French law, distribution of recommended prices or the setting of a maximum price is lawful, provided that this does not dissimulate an imposed price.
Third, it suggested that in each overseas territory, local and regional authorities and state authorities should set up study missions with the objective of deﬁning the conditions under which procurement and storage centers could be created and operated. But the French Competition Authority took a strong stand against the temptation to reinstate price controls in the overseas territories in response to discontent about the high level of prices. One should also mention that the Ukrainian market investigation resulted in a ﬁnding that prices were unjustiﬁably high for some grocery products (such as sugar or sunﬂower), and the competition authority took action on prices and to improve the retail market of some products and initiated proceedings against economic operators.