By Julia Annas, Alfred R. Mele, Martha C. Nussbaum, John McDowell, Richard Kraut, John M. Cooper, Rosalind Hursthouse, Nancy Sherman, J. L. Ackrill, Myles F. Burnyeat, Marcia L. Homiak, T. H. Irwin, L. A. Kosman
The ethics of Aristotle (384-322 B.C.), and advantage ethics quite often, have visible a resurgence of curiosity over the last few a long time. now not do utilitarianism and Kantian ethics on their lonesome dominate the ethical panorama. moreover, Aristotelian topics fill out that panorama, with such matters because the value of friendship and feelings in a great lifestyles, the position of ethical belief in clever selection, the character of happiness and its structure, ethical schooling and habituation, discovering a reliable domestic in modern ethical debate. The essays during this quantity symbolize the easiest of that discuss. Taken jointly, they supply a detailed research of critical arguments in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. yet they do greater than that. each one exhibits the long-lasting curiosity of the questions Aristotle himself subtly and complexly increases within the context of his personal modern discussions.
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Additional resources for Aristotle's Ethics: Critical Essays (Critical Essays on the Classics Series)
Here as in his discussion of incontinence Aristotle first rejects Socrates' position, and then argues for one of its most counterintuitive elements. Aristotle's view did not convince his main Hellenistic successors, who generally agreed with Socrates. It has not convinced most modern 28 T. H. Irwin moralists either. Even when they want to agree that a morally virtuous person has reason to prefer to be virtuous even at a severe cost to him, they do not normally rely on Aristotle's sort of argument.
For he would be willing to subordinate the exercise of the rational agency that is essential to him to some good that is good for some less essential aspect of him. A rational agent who correctly identifies himself with his rational agency will have no reason to believe he could have been better off if he had been less virtuous; while he might have gained benefits that were good for some aspect of him, he could never have benefited himself more. Aristotle claims that the virtuous person will be "just about with regret" (1l66a29).
W. Knox, The Heroic Temper (Berkeley, 1964), 10-275. See Plutarch, Alcibiades 16. 3, 23. 4-5; Alcibiades et Coriolanus 1. 3, 2. 1, 3. 2 (for oikei6s d. EN 1171a15), 4. 5, 5. 1. See D. A. Russell, Plutarch (London, 1973), 110-29. 6. This adaptability and foresight is illustrated in Thucydides' presentation of Themistocles, I. 138. 3, and Pericles, II. 65. 6-6. 7. "Auf jeden Fall ist er weit davon entfernt, Schicksalssichlage in ihren Permanent Happiness: Aristotle and Solon 29 Auswirkungen zu bagatellisieren", F.