Someone drawn to theories of ethical or human perform will locate in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics one of many few easy types correct via to this day. on the centre of his research, either sober and wary, are such suggestions as happiness, advantage, selection, prudence, incontinence, excitement and friendship. Aristotle’s arguments are in no way of only ancient curiosity, yet proceed to exert a key impression on present-day moral debate. The 13 contributions during this quantity current the principles of Aristotle’s research, besides the fashionable history of its reception.
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Additional info for Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics
Ethics as practical philosophy to the political faculty, and consequently either to political theory or to political practice. ). As frequently in Aristotle, epistêmê here has the meaning of specialist ability, specialist competence or understanding of the subject. e. the supreme good, is what he subordinates to specialist political understanding or, in short, to politics. The subordination that is maintained here is not that of philosophical ethics to political philosophy, but rather of happiness to politics.
To emphasize the contrast with the passions, one might say “to lead a considered life”. If “reasonable” is taken to mean both theoretical and practical, then “to live according to reason” is adequate. The thesis that ethics is only of benefit to those who are already familiar with a reasonable life can be founded on a general epistemological thesis. e. e. existential assumptions. There are then three cases of such existential assumption or hypothesis. In mathematics this assumption is so obvious that it needs no further discussion (for example in geometry the assumption that points, lines and surfaces exist).
But if this ability is called most complete, it is so in a different sense from that of the excursus on method; according to this, a science is the more complete, the fewer premises on which it is based. In this sense, for example, arithmetic is superior to geometry. And the most complete, since the poorest in premises, is First Philosophy or sophia, since not only does this not assume its genuinely first premises, the principles, but it thematizes them. (There is a hierarchical ranking of completeness also in Met.