By Bo Göranzon, Magnus Florin
This booklet springs from a convention held in Stockholm in may well June 1988 on tradition, Language and synthetic Intelligence. It assembled greater than three hundred researchers and practitioners within the fields of know-how, philosophy, historical past of rules, literature, lin guistics, social technological know-how, and so forth. It was once an initiative from the Swedish middle for operating lifestyles, in keeping with the undertaking AI-Based structures and the way forward for Language, wisdom and accountability in Professions in the fee thirteen programme of the ecu fee. contributors within the convention, or at times researchers concerning its goals, have been selected to give a contribution to this booklet. It was once preceded by means of wisdom, ability and synthetic Intelligence (ed. B. G6ranzon and 1. Josefson, Springer-Verlag, London, 1988) and may be through discussion and know-how (ed. M. Florin and B. Goranzon, Springer-Verlag, London, 1990). The members' considering during this box varies enormously; so do their forms of writing. for instance: participants have different of their selection of 'he' or 'he/she' for the 3rd individual. No contrast is meant yet chapters were left with the unique utilization to prevent large adjustments. equally, person contributor's personal tastes as to notes or references lists were undefined. we wish to thank our researcher Satinder P. Gill for great paintings with summaries and indexes, and Sandi Irvine of Springer Verlag for eminent editorial work.
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Extra info for Artifical Intelligence, Culture and Language: On Education and Work
So, in this article, when I talk about the prospects for cognitive science, I am going to be talking about the prospects 24 Artificial Intelligence, Culture and Language for a research programme based on the artificial intelligence, computational model of the mind. 3 I have elsewhere distinguished between a stronger and a weaker version of this approach (see Searle 1980). According to strong AI, the mind just is a computer program and consequently any system that was appropriately programmed, regardless of its physical composition, would literally have a mind in the same sense that you and I do.
In my childhood, we were always told that the brain functioned like a telephone switchboard. The brain, in short, was a cross-bar system. ) I was fascinated to find that Sherrington Cognitive Science and the Computer Metaphor 25 compared the brain to a telegraph system. Freud frequently uses electromagnetic and hydraulic analogies in discussing the brain. Leibniz compared the functioning of the brain to the functioning of a mill; and I am even told that certain Greek thinkers thought the brain functioned like a catapult.
Chapter 4 Cognitive Science and the Computer Metaphor1 John R. Searle The core ideology of cognitive science is that the mind functions like a digital computer, whereby mental states are computational states and mental processes are computational processes. From where is this metaphor derived? g. the telephone switchboard, telegraph system and so on. The arguments in support of the computer metaphor are numerous. They are based on conceptions of intelligent behaviour, the likening of the mind to an information processing system, assumptions about the ability to make calculations, the neglect of common-sense thinking, the belief in internal theories of human behaviour, and the "discovery" of formal rules of language.