By Thomas S. Huang, Anton Nijholt, Maja Pantic, Alex Pentland
This ebook constitutes the completely refereed post-proceedings of 2 occasions discussing AI for Human Computing; one certain consultation throughout the 8th overseas ACM convention on Multimodal Interfaces (ICMI 2006), held in Banff, Canada, in November 2006 and a Workshop prepared at the side of the 20 th foreign Joint convention on man made Intelligence (IJCAI 2007), held in Hyderabad, India, in January 2007.
A huge variety of the contributions during this state of the art survey are up to date and prolonged types of the papers awarded in the course of those occasions. as a way to receive a extra entire evaluate of analysis efforts within the box of human computing, a couple of extra invited contributions are incorporated during this publication on AI for human computing.
The 17 revised papers offered have been rigorously chosen from various submissions to and shows made on the occasions and contain invited articles to around off insurance of all suitable issues of the rising subject. The papers are geared up in 3 elements: a component on foundational problems with human computing, a component on sensing people and their actions, and an element on anthropocentric interplay models.
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Additional info for Artifical Intelligence for Human Computing: ICMI 2006 and IJCAI 2007 International Workshops, Banff, Canada, November 3, 2006 Hyderabad, India,
The two usability studies indicate that different contexts can affect a subject's response and personal choice. In the first study, the men were more concerned about having their girlfriends or wives seen than the women were with how much they were seen. In the second study, almost every subject was willing to give up more privacy for the benefits of security and travel safety. The development of the privacy algorithm is preliminary, and considers only one privacy-concerned area. However, it offers a feasible way to develop more robust privacy algorithms with available anthromorphics and physics databases.
Whether an artifact can understand human’s feeling or state is a paradox of empathy. René Descartes claims that thoughts, feelings, and experience are private and it is impossible for a machine to adequately understand or know the exact feelings of people. On the other hand, Ludwig Wittgenstein states that there is no way to prove that it is impossible to adequately imagine other people’s feeling . Alan Turing argues that machine intelligence can be tested by dialogs through a computer keyboard [74-76].
However, the ‘topdown’ approaches have their limitations. Herb Simon saw the gap between the sequential logic reasoning and parallel sensing. ” He challenged his students. Perhaps instinctual computing is a potential bridge between the two. The fundamental difference between existing machines and a living creature is Instinct! Instinctive computing is a computational simulation of biological and cognitive instincts. It is a meta-program of life, just like universal gravity in nature. It profoundly influences how we look, feel, think, and act.