By Michele Barone, Andrea Gaddi, Claude Leroy, Larry Price, Pier-Giorgio Rancoita
The exploration of the subnuclear international is completed via more and more complicated experiments overlaying a variety of energies and in a wide number of environments - from particle accelerators, underground detectors to satellites and area laboratories. For those learn courses to prevail, novel suggestions, new fabrics and new instrumentation must be utilized in detectors, usually on a wide scale. accordingly, particle physics is on the vanguard of technological development and results in a number of purposes. between those, clinical functions have a selected significance a result of wellbeing and fitness and social advantages they bring about. This quantity studies the advances made in all technological points of present experiments within the box.
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Additional resources for Astroparticle, Particle and Space Physics, Detectors and Medical Physics Applications (2006)(en)(114
The chip includes several test structures, namely a 16x16, an 8 x 8 and a 3 x 3 matrices of 25 pm pitch MAPS and three single pixel channels. The 16x16 and 8 x 8 matrices] which are read out by means of the token-passing scheme shown in Fig. 2, are chiefly conceived for the sparsified readout architecture test, while the other structures have been designed with the main purpose of testing the functionality and noise behaviour of the analog processor. 22 Fig. 2. Digital readout architecture of the SDRO sensor.
42 Table 1. Selected contract specifications and actual HPD performance. 03% ~ Working Pixels Photoelectron Detection Threshold Photoelectron Detection Noise Photoelectron Detection Efficiency Leakage Current at 80V reverse bias Quantum Efficiency at 270nm Dark Count Rate Ion Feedback Probability See Ref. . Note: a From tests carried out on 2 HPDs, see Sec. 4. in Figs. 2 and 3. e. 2% of the sample) which had a performance issue serious enough to disqualify them from use in the RICH. [ Number 01 Dead Pixels (out Of 8192) 1 200 180 160 140 El20 5gtoo Y 2 80 SO 40 20 L '0 20 40 60 80 1W -L 120 140 I) Dead Plxslr Fig.
Ronchin, M. Boscardin, C. Piemonte, A. Pozza, N. Zorzi,G. F. Dalla Betta, G. Pellegrini, L. Bosisio, NIM A, vol. 573, (2007) 224. 4. G. Bondarenko et al, NIM A 242,(2000),187. 5. C. Piemonte, NIMA 568 (2006) 224. 6. C. Piemonte, R. Battiston, M. -F. Dalla Betta, A. Del Guerra, N. Dinu, A. Pozza, N. Zorzi, IEEE Transaction on Nuclear Science, Vol. 54, n. 1, (2007), pp. 236 7. G. Zorzi, presented at the XI VCI, Vienna 19-24 February 2007, Nucl Instr and Methods A (2007), in press. ac. uk Pion/kaon discrimination in the LHCb experiment will be provided by two Ring Imaging Cherenkov (RICH) counters.